Latin name: Cymbopogon Nardus
- Colour: Yellow pale
- Viscosity: watery
- Aroma: emanates a strong smell of lemon
Origins: Brazil, Central America
Produced: Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Java, China, Taiwan, Argentina, Brasil, India
Description: Citronella or better saying, Java Citronella is a herbaceous plant, perennial cycle and which reaches up to a meter and a half tall. Its leaves are green, long, incomplete, simple, linear, alternate and with a kind of outgrowth at the junction between the blade and the sheath to which it gives the name of ligule, characteristic of grasses. The flowers grow grouped in inflorescences tang type. Its fruit is the caryopsis type and its seeds are rich in endosperm. (http://nplantas.com/citronela-descricao-botanica/)
Parts used: grass leaves.
Extraction method: steam distillation.
Yield: 100 to 150 kg leaves to extract 1 kg of E.O.
Main uses: Infectious diseases, flu, headache, sinusitis, fatigue.
Therapeutic properties: Stimulating and refreshing, carminative, febrifuge, fungicide and bactericide.
Main chemical constituents: Sri Lanka: 60% geraniol, citronellol 15%, 10 to 15% dipentene, and camphene, linalool, borneol. However Java citronella oil gets to have a significant amount of feraniol – 80-92% (All about Aromatherapy – Adam Roberto da Silva)
Blends well with: Eucalyptus, fennel, lemongrass, orange, lemon, sweet orange.
Interesting Facts: Citronella (Cymbopogon Nardus Rendl) has a variety called flexuosus Hack. Whose lemongrass essential oil called the East Indies by the British. This oil from Malabar (western India) and Kochi (South India) has 70-85% citral, or maybe, is an oil with different therapeutic properties that the lemongrass of extracted West Indies of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf .) from Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), also known as “vervena”, which has only 21-38% of citral. (All about Aromatherapy – Adam Roberto da Silva)
Contraindications: Should be avoided by people with heart problems since inhaling through diffusers accelerates the heartbeat. It can also cause allergies in people who have sensitive skin.